Thursday, May 21, 2020
Sample details Pages: 11 Words: 3195 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2019/03/19 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Gun Control Essay Did you like this example? Gun control is not one issue, but many. To some people gun control is a crime issue, to others it is a rights issue. Guns are not for everyone. Certain people cannot handle guns safely, and some individuals choose to use firearms inappropriately. Many of us have heard many times, Guns do not kill people on their own, it takes a person to pull the trigger. Even if people find this statement to be true, guns are an issue that needs to be discussed. A gun is simply an easy tool that people can use and manipulate with hardly any thought. Many people suggest taking away guns and promoting peace through government help while others think that the guns are what keep them safe. Situations arise everyday where people have witnessed, know someone who has been affected by gun violence. Sadly, many of the cases result in death or severe injuries. Even though this is a very controversial topic, many people would agree with the fact that guns are an easy means to commit a crime. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "A Gun Control Is An Effective Way To Control Crime" essay for you Create order It is a constitutional right to be able to have weapons to defend yourself, including guns. While some restrictions should certainly be in place, if the government is given too much power over these types of things it would be easier for them to attempt to take all guns from citizens. The government can make some rule for the citizens in order to buy a gun. For example, a person who wants to buy a gun need to be go through certain training and education about the gun. In this way, a person is familiar with use of gun. If the person does not have enough knowledge about the use of guns, then they harm other people. In Pakistan, there is one organization which organize one training camp in summer every year for teenagers. In this training camp, all the participants go to the rural area where no population is. They stay there for one month with one professional team which teach every participant about the use of gun. In this way, during adolescence life they know the use of gun which prevent them and, other people from many big troubles even death. However, there is some people who grew up in bad environment try to injure other people with inappropriate use of gun because they are brain washed. If there is a terrorism in any country and terrorist obviously have dangerous weapons. But this does not mean that guns or people are bad. This could be some political benefits between two countries which lead the people of those countries toward the negative use of firearms. The simple definition of a criminal is someone who does not obey the law. The simple definition of a law-abiding citizen is someone who does obey the law. Criminals break the laws with or without the use of gun. They break the law anyway so what is the difference if the gun laws are strict or not. Criminals also make weapons, use knives, and other objects besides guns to help in their crime. They do not get their guns through customary retail. For example, there is one incident happened in Crossroad Center Mall in St. Cloud. A guy came to mall to fix his cellphone according to his mother. Somehow, the guy ran around the mall armed with two steak knives stabbing before he was killed by an off-duty police officer. Since, the police officer was off duty and carried gun in mall which is not allowed. The police officer was suspended from his job until for further investigation. No one knows that what happened with that guy who were fine suddenly start killing people. But this guy did not have firearm which shows that if something wrong with the person then they could injure other people with any weapons. However, the police officer who did a good thing to kill that guy, but he lost his job for several months because he unfollowed the rules of mall. This shows harsher gun control laws are not needed. What is needed, however, is a greater focus on education about firearms. We should teach people from an early age the damage that they can do, how to properly and safely use them, and the steps to take to make sure that they are safely used and stored. As of today, it is easy to get your hands on a fire arm. If the laws and regulations made to be much stricter and more regulated, then the amount of people who die from gun violence could possibly go down drastically. Illegal guns are a huge trade and business especially in the United States. According to the CDC from 2012 to 2016, the last years for which data is available, an average of 35,000 Americans died from gun violence every year (Abrams and Chan, 2018). Even, if gun control laws where made much more, strict these criminals would still be able to obtain illegal weapons and use them to inflict harm and commit violent crimes. The only difference would be that the people who are not criminals would not have the ability to defend themselves. We see a good example of this in Switzerland most of its citizens own guns. For example, if someone were to go into a theater and start open firing, there would be a pretty good chance that they would get taken out by one of his/her would be victims who also had a gun. Again, it really depends on the country. The act of making it illegal to own firearms does little to prevent criminals from getting guns. These laws only restrict people who respect the law, the people who would only use firearms for legal purposes. And when we give people the right to defend themselves, we find that criminals start looking for other victims out of fear that they will become the victims themselves. Another source of information on the use of firearms for self-defense is the National Self-Defense Survey con- ducted by criminology professor Gary Kleck of Florida State University in the spring of 1993. Citing responses from 4,978 households, Dr. Kleck estimated that hand- guns had been used 2.1 million times per year for self- defense, and that all types of guns had been used approximately 2.5 million times a year for that purpose during the 1988 to 1993 period (2013). We must work to reduce crime, but we should look at the problem realistically, and develop plans that would be effective. It is obvious that gun control laws are neither realistic, nor effective in reducing crime. Therefore, we must direct our efforts toward controlling crime, not controlling legal ownership of firearms. Therefore, if we pass laws restricting ownership of firearms, which category of people does it affect? The simple answer is that gun control laws affect law-abiding citizens only. By their very nature, the criminals will continue to violate these new laws, they will continue to carry their firearms, and they will find their efforts at crime much easier when they know that their victims will be unarmed. The situation is similar to that of the disarmed blacks a century ago. US whites have twice the rate of gun ownership of blacks, oppose gun control to much greater extent than blacks, but are considerably more likely to kill themselves with those guns, than be killed by others or blacks. While the literature suggests that racism in whites shapes fear of black violence and support for policies that disadvantage blacks, no research has examined whether racism is related to gun ownership and attitudes to gun-control in US whites (2013). Innocent people are turned into victims when new laws make it impossible for them to fight back. An unarmed man stands little chance against an armed one. Terrorism beams into our homes through television screens, it assaults us in newspapers and magazines, and it sometimes touches our lives in more direct manners. People do not seem to worry about the definition of terrorism at such times. This religious terrorism comes from different nations, groups and individuals. The truth is terrorism has not religion. They just brain washed by bad people and behind the terrorism there is some political advantages. There are different organization in the world who brain washed teenager and also teach them who to use different kind of weapons. The question is that from where all these organization get weapons. Most probably they have political links who have approach to big weapon companies provide them all the dangerous weapons. For example, an incident happened in Pakistan on December 2014 (which is also called Tragedy of Army Public school). When six terrorists entered in to school name Army public school in Peshawar. Peshawar school massacre, terrorist attack in which seven heavily armed Taliban fighters stormed an army-run primary and secondary school in Peshawar, Pakistan, on December 16, 2014, killing 150 people, of whom at least 134 were students (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2018). All the terrorists had so many dangerous weapons with them which they use to kill people. The people who were terrorist did not bear to kill people and they were not a bad people, but in the environment, they were raised and the way they brain washed make them bad. And the other point which we consider that all those terrorists had the training of using firearms and they know how these gun harm people. Then we cannot say that those people who has the training of guns cannot harm people. Its all about the mentality of those people who use the gun whether they want to use it for positive thing or negative. I still remember the time when those terrorists killed because I was in Pakistan at that time. They way those terrorists scare all the people in Pakistan and especially the managements of all school in Pakistan. All the school had been closed for about three or four days. At the end, people just blame to guns or terrorist, but no one try to figure it out what kind of things convert those people into terrorists and who are those people who convince those people to use all those weapons to kill innocent people. In my point of view, all those things happen just because of political benefits. Different countries train people to do terrorist attacks on other countries just to show the positive image of their own country. Just because of this benefit they kill so many innocent people and all they blame goes to weapons and terrorists. World leaders and prominent politicians and diplomats united to condemn the actions of the Taliban whove claimed responsibility for the attack on a Peshawar school on Tuesday that left more than 131 people dead, mostly school children. Six Taliban gunmen attacked the school and were eventually killed by Pakistani security forces (2014). This shows that terrorism has no religion and there is no humanity in them. On the other hand, we have seen that in the past years that opened fire incidents happened in USA and the one incident which happened at Santa Fe High School in Texas. There have been at least ten shootings in schools so far this year, with two of them, at the Majory Stoneman Douglas High School in Florida and the Santa Fe High School in Texas, involving mass deaths, of 17 and ten people respectively (Royal wedding). One Pakistani exchange student name Sabika Sheikh also dead in Santa Fe High School in Texas including 9 other people. This is a form of terrorism. It shouldnt happen anywhere: not in America, not in Pakistan, said Sabikas father, Aziz Sheikh, in an interview at the family home in Karachi, Pakistans commercial hub (Ahmad Abi-habib, 2018). United States is a developed country and Pakistan is an underdeveloped country but there is terrorism in both countries. It could happen in any country and a t the end media just blame to guns that why guns are legal in U.S for everyone but no one try to figure what are the thing behind those people which lead them to someone without any fear. Why guns are issue today? Guns today are used for a variety of things. Hunters and professional sharpshooters use guns for sport. While some people have guns in house for the protection. Gun laws take away the important feeling of safety and protection along with a basic right in the Constitution that has been given to the public for centuries. The feeling of safety and protection are important to a community and a nation. Owning a gun allows one to have the safety the gun provides as well as a fighting chance against an armed robber or criminal. If gun control laws are placed, many people in the community would be denied a major component of safety as well as decreasing their chances of surviving an attack from local or international attackers. Guns are useful way to physically and mentally protect family and friends. Guns are dangerous when used inappropriately, especially when they get into the wrong hands. Travis Roundtree said, If someone purchases a gun for someone illegally, they both should be punished. If it is used in a crime, they both should be punished the same (usa today). There just isnt a problem with adults handling guns the wrong way, there is also children getting their hands on them and injuring and killing others as well. More gun control will not reduce crime because people will find other dangerous ways to injure and kill others. When a gun is sold and purchased, a certificate of ownership must be published. When a gun is sold and purchased illegally, a certificate of ownership will not be published. For those people who do buy and sell guns illegally, the punishment would be a 10-year jail sentence. Threatening people with larger punishments will have a positive effect on the annual number of deaths due to guns. Most importantly, guns should be given to police and people with very clean criminal records. Police are to receive one and only one gun, no matter their position. People who have never had a criminal history may purchase a gun. If they have even the slightest crime on their criminal record, they will not be able to purchase nor own a gun. For those who wish to purchase a gun and are anywhere between the ages range of 18 and 30 years old, both, their criminal records as well as high school and college transcripts will be checked. In recent years, firearms have become easier to get access to them for example; by stealing them, in some states they dont require to have permits to own a firearm, friends and family letting someone borrow theirs. With this being said, this just goes to show how easy it is to get a firearm. Guns are incredibly powerful weapons. They can be used to protect and defend or to threaten and even kill. As high school students and upcoming college students, it is i mportant to stay informed about the relevant events in the news. As high school students and upcoming college students, it is important to stay informed about the relevant events in the news. It is very important to pay attention to the direction of where gun control laws are headed as the government works to create laws to both protect the public safety of the population and also protect the constitutional rights of the population at the same time. The Increase in Gun Violence Hearing about people getting shot has become a normal thing in todays society and we usually hear on media as well. Its happening more and more as time goes on because of the accessibility everyone has to a firearm. Even though gun violence is an arising problem, it can be slightly reduced by increasing security on weapon purchases and availability. This then increases the chances of something tragic happening on purpose or not. The rise of gun violence in the past year or so has many people and families worried what the future has in store for us. Guns are everywhere, and they arent going away anytime soon. Guns are in video games, movies or TV shows, hunting, war, and books. Its a huge issue and it needs to stop now to ensure our peoples safety. They have become easily accessible from the law the government put into effect. The right to buy a gun is given people to go purchase it for safety but some lying and use them for other causes. People dont fully understand how dangerous issues that guns have. For example, one of our relative had a gun in his home. He was cleaning his gun and her daughter was just in front of her to do some other stuff. The guy didnt know that he has one bullet in his gun and while cleaning the gun he just clicked the trigger and he shoot his daughter. This shows that when people do not know the use of gun then they do silly mistake. As a result, someone lose their life. They have many malfunctions and can go very wrong, even if you are just simply target practicing. The politics of gun control remain to be a controversial topic in the United States. The issue here is not whether one should have the right to carry firearms, but rather the right to carry on college campuses. Recently Texas has passed Senate Bill 11, more commonly known as the campus carry bill, which allows the carrying of concealed firearms on college campuses because of the incident happened in Texas school. Cowboy up, Texas professors! Teach however and whatever you want. Dont worry about the presence of legally carried guns in your classrooms. If you are going to worry, worry about someone illegally bringing a gun on campus with the intention of causing mayhem, not someone who legally carries a gun in the hope of protecting himself from harm (Gilbert, 2016). Although allowing guns on campus represents a safety hazard, most believe guns are essential in preventing school shootings. Unfortunately, however, licensing guns to students can be more detrimental than beneficial to the security and safety of learning institutions. Introducing guns into colleges and universities would be disruptive to the learning environment. One cannot possibly focus on their studies in a classroom with the prospect that a fellow classmate sitting next to them is armed and dangerous. Guns today are used for a variety of things. Hunters and professional sharpshooters use guns for sport. While some people have guns in house for the protection. Gun laws take away the important feeling of safety and protection along with a basic right in the Constitution that has been given to the public for centuries. The feeling of safety and protection are important to a community and a nation. Owning a gun allows one to have the safety the gun provides as well as a fighting chance against an armed robber or criminal. If gun control laws are placed, many people in the community would be denied a major component of safety as well as decreasing their chances of surviving an attack from local or international attackers. Guns are useful way to physically and mentally protect family and friends.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The narrative Ã¢â¬Å"Barn burningÃ¢â¬ seems to be an imperative one as it very evidently illustrates the typical fight between the Ã¢â¬Å"privilegedÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"deprivedÃ¢â¬ categories plus reveals how an underprivileged man suffers when the law is rooted in taking the well-off manÃ¢â¬â¢s side. A further important idea of the story is that it looks at a truth-seeking issue that at what stage should an individual make a preference between what his blood relation(s) and / or kin deems and his personal morals or at what occasion should a youngster depart his parents home and limitations and quit, to make his own decisions? I suppose the reason that this fiction is important is because Faulkner inscribes it in such a manner that it fetches the booklover in and makes him/her empathize with Sarty and his honorable dilemma. The hero in this story is a child named Sarty Snopes, kid of Abner Snopes who is an arsonist. We will write a custom essay sample on Barn Burning by William Faulkner or any similar topic only for you Order Now He is an unfortunate, forlorn, and bemused little boy who is at the kindness of his arrogant father Abner. He is demoralized, immature and has a well-built sense of correct and incorrect. Sarty swears in aid of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s defense, and albeit he finds the fairness satisfying, he is indicting his father of the felonies he committed; Ab is Snopes opponent as well. Snopes has endured a very itinerant existence with panic and disgrace because of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s crimes. This contradicts with his outlook of justice, correct and incorrect. Snopes eventually comes to the decision and alienated himself from the control of another man and capitulated to his own (Loges, 1998). In appreciating that Snopes becomes a rebel icon to the reader. References Loges, M. L. (1998), FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s Barn Burning, Journal Title: The Explicator, Vol. 57 No. 1, pp. 44-45. How to cite Barn Burning by William Faulkner, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The Legal Versus The Scientific Definition of the Word `OrganicÃ¢â¬â¢ Introduction Need essay sample on "The Legal Versus The Scientific Definition of the Word `Organic" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Everything is going organic in the world, from food items to soaps. There is no time in history when consumers have become so much aware of the effects of the products that they consume on their health. With consumers attentive one what they are buying as a seemingly movement towards the natural every item is suddenly turning herbal or organic. The word organic has become the magic word in the households and the business are not taking any chance about it. Everyday, there is a revolution of a product and it is remarketed with an organic appeal. In supermarket and general stores, all items are labeled organic. Whether there is real organic meaning in these items or whether the use of the term is for consumer attraction remains unclear as we are still struggling to come to terms with the correct definition of the word. Some products may be really organic according to the scientific and legal definitions while others may be really meant to attract consumer by asserting the health benefits of the product. (Consumer Union, 1998) Students Very Often Tell EssayLab support:How much do I have to pay someone to make my paper online?Essay writers suggest: Essaylab.Com Offers A Top-Quality Academic EssayWritten Essays For Sale Order Essay Online Review How to do Assignment Custom Essay Company The term organic doesnt have a standard meaning. The meaning of the term largely varies depending on the context of use whether it is scientific, colloquial, or political in nature. There has been a considerable confusion in the recent past while trying to define the word or in attempt to characterize the product which falls under the category of organic products. The use of the term largely depends on the context under which it is being used. The word has its roots on biology, chemistry and lately, it has found a political definition. Therefore every time you encounter this word, it is advisable to determine the context under which it is being used in light of the three categories since it is the context that will dictate the intended definition. (Global Oneness, 2008) Definition of organic Plant Health Care Inc. (2003) assert that the world organic is one of the most used words in English language. It has several different meaning but the scientific and legal (political) definition stands out as most controversial. To understand the full definition of the term regardless of the context under which it is used, let us first look at the general definition of the word from the dictionary. This would be the Standard English definition of the world. A look at the definition of the world from different versions of dictionaries gives the following definition Of, relating to, or that which affects organs or an organ of the body Of, relating to, or that which has been derived from living organism A vegetable, fruit or meat which has been grown without synthetic fertilizers or application of pesticides That which is simple, healthful or closely related to nature That which resembles a living organism in its organization or in development These are the standard definition the word organic from dictionaries. This definition takes in the scientific and the legal meanings of the word. These definitions forms the basic definition from which were are going to relate and derive our scientific and legal definition of the word. Scientific definition Science can be traced as the root of the word even before it has than the legal and political dimension. The legal and political definition has just surfaced with the increased controversy over the organic products and their use. In the scientific definition, the word organic has two meaning including chemical and biological. (USDA, 2008) In a chemical definition, a substance is usually considered organic it has a molecular structure which is based on bonding properties of a carbon atoms. In the scientific terms, any molecule which has carbon atoms except some few cases is considered organic under the chemical definition, all the carbon compounds would be considered organic since they all trace their carbon component from the basic photosynthesis process which fixes the carbon atom. The chemical definition is therefore at the center of the science of organic chemistry since it deals with all the substances which contain carbon elements. The other scientific definition would be the biological definition. Although the biological definition of the term has been changing over the years, we would assume a classical biology definition under which an organic substance is anything that is derived from the living organism. These are substances which are based on carbon and therefore they all adhere to the chemical definition that we have reviewed above. However biological definition would be refereeing to the source of the substance instead of the chemistry of the substance. This is an important distinction between the chemistry and the biological definition. (Plant Health Care Inc., 2003) According to Plant Health Care Inc. (2003) a substance can therefore e organic by chemical definition by it would not be by biological definition. For example, formononetin is used as a stimulant of VAM fungi. This substance has a molecular structure which is based on carbon. The substance occurs naturally in clover and in some other plants but it can also be synthesized through a chemical process in the laboratory and mostly for commercial use. Can we really consider this substance as organic? Using the scientific chemical definition, Formononetin would be always considered as an organic substance since it has a molecular structure which is based on carbon. However if we use a classical biological definition, the substance would be considered organic only when it has been derived from a particular plant. If it has been prepared in the laboratory, then the classical biological definition would consider the substance as synthetic. Legal (political) definition Plant Health Care Inc. (2003) asserts that the legal definition of the organic has become important of late due to the increased consumer movement questioning eth effect of consumer product on their health. This has been compounded by the increasing rate of lifestyle disease and the debate on genetically modified foods. The current theory in legal definition of the term organic is intertwined with the concept that the food items which are produced naturally without using any synthetic materials like fertilizers or pesticides are seen tastier and healthier. However not any food that is said to be grown naturally that can fit to the legal definition of the word organics. There are some rules and legal justification that has been put in place by various countries which defines anything organic. The application of the world in the legal world has mostly leaned on food products. The legal definition is sealed through a legal organic certification which clearly lays down the criteria that can constitute organic ingredients (Soil Association, 2008). What is complicating the legal definition of the term organic? There are many constrains to the legal definition of the term. Most of them are merely political while others require an in-depth thought and consideration before judging their effect on the word. For example, the growth of natural plants will require inorganic components like light, water, carbon dioxide and other minerals. All these components are available in nature but there are problem with their interpretation. While we take water to be natural, can we use chlorinated water to grow plants? When we are using light, must we always relay on the natural sunlight or can artificial light play the same role? Which criteria can we use to determine whether we can use mineral fertilizers and can it be accepted for organic certification? (Stokstad, 2002) There are some of the questions which are considered merely political since they are only designed to satisfy a perceived distinction in human rather than a biological distinction. Plants are not aware whether they are using artificial or natural light or when the fertilizer applied was natural or manmade. Plant Health Care Inc. (2003) argues that because of the sensitive nature in the definition of the term, certification programs have become very common in many countries. These programs have also turned to be very elaborate and expensive processes in determining which process or ingredients or chemicals can be considered natural and acceptable. There are stringent measures that a farmer has to fulfill in order to be granted an organic certification although there is a very great degree of variance. For example, it has been observed that in some certification programs, a farmer can actually demonstrate that his soil is in great mineral deficiency and therefore one may be allowed to use micronutrients. However his products will not be considered wholly organic according to legal definition and therefore will have to seek a variance. The legal definition of the term includes some legally agreed standards that a product must meet in order to be considered as organic. Every country has its own institution that is mandated with ensuring that organic products meet the required standards. It is these institutions which issue farmers with organic certificates. For example the National Organic Program in United States The national Organic Program is the federal institution that provides the regulatory framework governing all organic products. The organic Food Production Act 1997 provides the guidelines for acceptable legal standards for products which are considered organic. This act also requires the USDA to come with national standards for the production of organic products. In return the USDA has credited other 56 domestic certification agencies and other 41 foreign accredited agencies which offer organic certification services. (National Organic Program, 2008) NOP operation covers all the details in aspect of food production, processing and delivery, and the use of the products in the retail sales. NOP further assert that any farmer or any organization which want to use the word organic for their product in reference to business and the product sold must have organic certificate. The USDA further provides seals for product which are proven to have at least 95% of organic ingredients. Therefore in legal definition, we will be talking of organic standards which are rules and regulations which define how any product considered organic should be meet. Organic standards are therefore procedures which sets the minimum amount of components that are expected in an organic product. They are meant to ensure consumer that what they are buying is really organic. (National Organic Program, 2008) Conclusion In the modern consumer market, everything is turning organic. Consumers have become more aware of the health effect of what they consumer and therefore manufactures have gone to producing organic items. However the term organic remain controversial. The scientific definition defines organic as anything that has a carbon base and therefore it is anything that is grown naturally without application of micronutrient or pesticides. Legal definition defines the accepted standards that a product must meet in order to be considered really organic. Work Cited Consumer Union, (1998): The truth about organic foods. Consumer Reports, Vol. 63(1) National Organic Program, (2008): Program overview. United States Department of Agriculture Marketing Services, 2008 Plant Helth Care Inc. (2003): Organic and Natural: What do they mean? Technical Bulletin, February 2003 Stokstad, E. (2002): Organic farms have many benefits. Science, Vol. 296 USDA, (2008): Frequently asked question about the word organic. USDA Organic Terresentials, 2008
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
The Conquest of the Aztec Empire From 1518-1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes and his army brought down the mighty Aztec Empire, the greatest the New World had ever seen. He did it through a combination of luck, courage, political savvy and advanced tactics and weapons. By bringing the Aztec Empire under the rule of Spain, he set events in motion which would result in the modern-day nation of Mexico. The Aztec Empire in 1519 In 1519, when the Spanish first made official contact with the Empire, the Aztecs ruled most of present-day Mexico either directly or indirectly. About one hundred years before, three powerful city-states in central Mexico - Tenochtitlan, Tlacopan and Tacuba - united to form the Triple Alliance, which soon rose to pre-eminence. All three cultures were located on the shores and islands of Lake Texcoco. Through alliances, wars, intimidation and trade, the Aztecs came to dominate most of the other Mesoamerican city-states by 1519 and collected tribute from them. The pre-eminent partner in the Triple Alliance was the Mexica city of Tenochtitlan. The Mexica were led by a Tlatoani, a position roughly similar to Emperor. In 1519, the tlatoani of the Mexica was Motecuzoma XocoyotzÃ n, better known to history as Montezuma. The Arrival of Cortes Since 1492, when Christopher Columbus discovered the New World, the Spanish had fairly thoroughly explored the Caribbean by 1518. They became aware of a large landmass to the west, and some expeditions had visited the shores of the Gulf Coast, but no lasting settlement had been made. In 1518, Governor Diego Velazquez of Cuba sponsored an expedition of exploration and settlement and entrusted it to Hernan Cortes. Cortes set sail with several ships and about 600 men, and after a visit to the Maya area of the southern Gulf Coast (it was here that he picked up his future interpreter/mistress Malinche), Cortes reached the area of present-day Veracruz in early 1519. Cortes landed, founded a small settlement and made mostly peaceful contact with leaders of local tribes. These tribes were bound to the Aztecs by ties of trade and tribute but resented their inland masters and tentatively agreed with Cortes to switch allegiances. Cortes Marches Inland The first emissaries from the Aztecs arrived, bearing gifts and seeking information about these interlopers. The rich gifts, meant to buy off the Spanish and make them go away, had the opposite effect: they wanted to see the riches of the Aztecs for themselves. The Spanish made their way inland, ignoring pleas and threats from Montezuma to go away.Ã Ã When they reached the lands of the Tlaxcalans in August of 1519, Cortes decided to make contact with them. The warlike Tlaxcalans had been enemies of the Aztecs for generations and had held out against their warlike neighbors. After two weeks of fighting, the Spanish gained the respect of the Tlaxcalans and in September they were invited to talk. Soon, an alliance was forged between the Spanish and the Tlaxcalans. Time and again, the Tlaxcalan warriors and porters which accompanied Cortes expedition would prove their value. The Cholula Massacre In October, Cortes and his men and allies passed through the city of Cholula, home of the cult to the god Quetzalcoatl. Cholula was not exactly a vassal of the Aztecs, but the Triple Alliance had much influence there. After spending a couple of weeks there, Cortes learned of a plot to ambush the Spanish when they left the city. Cortes summoned the leaders of the city to one of the squares and after berating them for treason, he ordered a massacre. His men and Tlaxcalan allies fell on the unarmed nobles, slaughtering thousands. This sent a powerful message to the rest of Mesoamerica not to trifle with the Spanish. Entry into Tenochtitlan and capture of Montezuma In November of 1519, the Spanish entered Tenochtitlan, capital of the Mexica people and leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance. They were welcomed by Montezuma and put in a sumptuous palace. The deeply religious Montezuma had dithered and fretted about the arrival of these foreigners, and did not oppose them. Within a couple of weeks, Montezuma had allowed himself to be taken hostage, a semi-willing guest of the intruders. The Spanish demanded all sorts of loot and food and while Montezuma did nothing, the people and warriors of the city began to get restless.Ã The Night of Sorrows In May of 1520, Cortes was forced to take most of his men and return to the coast to face a new threat: a large Spanish force, led by veteran conquistador Panfilo de Narvaez, sent by Governor Velazquez to rein him in. Although Cortes defeated Narvaez and added most of his men to his own army, things got out of hand in Tenochtitlan in his absence. On May 20, Pedro de Alvarado, who had been left in charge, ordered the massacre of unarmed nobles attending a religious festival, The enraged inhabitants of the city besieged the Spanish and even Montezumas intervention could not alleviate the tension. Cortes returned in late June and decided that the city could not be held. On the night of June 30, the Spanish tried to stealthily leave the city, but they were discovered and attacked. On what came to be known to the Spanish as the Night of Sorrows, hundreds of Spanish were killed. Cortes and most of his most important lieutenants survived, however, and they made their way back to friendly Tlaxcala to rest and regroup.Ã The Siege of Tenochtitlan While in Tlaxcala, the Spanish received reinforcements and supplies, rested, and prepared to take the city of Tenochtitlan. Cortes ordered the construction of thirteen brigantines, large boats which could sail or be rowed and which would tip the balance while assaulting the island.Ã Most importantly for the Spanish, an epidemic of smallpox broke out in Mesoamerica, slaying millions, including countless warriors and leaders of Tenochtitlan. This unspeakable tragedy was a great lucky break for Cortes, as his European soldiers were largely unaffected by this disease. The disease even struck down Cuitlhuac, the warlike new leader of the Mexica. In early 1521, everything was ready. The brigantines were launched and Cortes and his men marched on Tenochtitlan. Every day, Cortes top lieutenants - Gonzalo de Sandoval, Pedro de Alvarado and Cristobal de Olid - and their men assaulted the causeways leading into the city while Cortes, leading the small navy of brigantines, bombarded the city, ferried men, supplies and information around the lake, and scattered groups of Aztec war canoes. The relentless pressure proved effective, and the city was slowly worn down. Cortes sent enough of his men on raiding parties around the city to keep other city-states from coming to the relief of the Aztecs, and on August 13, 1521, when Emperor Cuauhtemoc was captured, resistance ended and the Spanish were able to take the smoldering city. Aftermath of the Conquest of the Aztec Empire Within two years, the Spanish invaders had taken down the most powerful city-state in Mesoamerica, and the implications were not lost on the remaining city-states in the region. There was sporadic fighting for decades to come, but in effect the conquest was a done deal. Cortes earned a title and vast lands, and stole most of the riches from his men by short-changing them when payments were made. Most of the conquistadors did receive large tracts of land, however. These were called encomiendas. In theory, the owner of an encomienda protected and educated the natives living there, but in reality it was a thinly-veiled form of slavery. The cultures and people meshed, sometimes violently, sometimes peacefully, and by 1810 Mexico was enough of its own nation and culture that it broke with Spain and became independent. Sources: Diaz del Castillo, Bernal. . Trans., ed. J.M. Cohen. 1576. London, Penguin Books, 1963. Print. Levy, Buddy. Conquistador: Hernan Cortes, King Montezuma and the Last Stand of the Aztecs. New York: Bantam, 2008. Thomas, Hugh. Conquest: Montezuma, Cortes and the Fall of Old Mexico. New York: Touchstone, 1993.
Monday, March 2, 2020
How to Make a Flammable Gel or Jelly Use three common household ingredients to prepare a gel or jelly that you can set on fire. This is an easy fire chemistry project that you can do at home. Flaming Gel Ingredients Antacid tablets (must contain at least 1000 mg calcium carbonate per tablet)Vinegar (weak acetic acid)Isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) - 90% or higher is recommended* 70% isopropyl alcohol will work, but you will need to allow let the mixture from step 3 evaporate until it is a little more concentrated to make up for the extra water in the alcohol. Prepare the Flaming Gel Crush 5 antacid tablets into a powder.Stir 50 ml (~10 tsp) of vinegar into the powder (10 ml per tablet) to make a slurry.Allow the slurry to evaporate until it is less than half its original volume. This could take about a day. If you accidentally evaporate all of the water, you can reconstitute the slurry by stirring in a small amount of water.Fill a container with about 2x the volume of however much antacid slurry you have at this point.While stirring, slowly add slurry to the alcohol to form a thickened gel. Do this slowly: If you add too much slurry, the mixture will liquefy and you wont get a gel. So, once you have a gel, dont add any more of the calcium tablet slurry mixture.Scoop up a ball of the gel and ignite it. Disclaimer: Please be advised that the content provided by our website is for EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. Fireworks and the chemicals contained within them are dangerous and should always be handled with care and used with common sense. By using this website you acknowledge that ThoughtCo., its parent About.com (a/k/a Dotdash), and IAC/InterActive Corp. shall have no liability for any damages, injuries, or other legal matters caused by your use of fireworks or the knowledge or application of the information on this website. The providers of this content specifically do not condone using fireworks for disruptive, unsafe, illegal, or destructive purposes. You are responsible for following all applicable laws before using or applying the information provided on this website.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
The role of International Human Resource Management - Essay Example But for most enterprises including hotel nd hospitlity industry interntionliztion equtes with n incresingly importnt role for IHRM nd necessity to dpt HR prctices to locl needs. Current pper is n nlysis of Seychelles' HRM in comprison with UK. The study is bsed on the cse of Molten Hotel tht is opening on n islnd Seychelles nd requires recommendtion on HR prctices in order to effectively mnge the locl stff nd rech the profitbility on new mrket. Molten Hotels is leding UK bsed hospitlity compny, which owns nd mnges hotels round the world, with one of the UK's best know brnd nmes. The compny hs hotels in thirty eight countries nd dependent territories round the world, with its hed office bsed on the Strnd in London, UK. It employs round 50,000 people worldwide, nd is regulrly recognised s n employer of choice. The compny hd totl revenues of just over three billion dollrs worldwide during the 2007 finncil yer, with operting profit of round five hundred million. This put the hotel just below such globl brnd nmes s Hilton nd Mrriott in terms of globl rech, brnd recognition nd finncil performnce. The first Molten Hotel ws founded in 1758 by John Molten in Mnchester, where it ws known s Molten's Guest nd Coch House. The hotel ws fmily owned nd run for the first hundred nd twenty yers until in the end of the 19th century, when brhm Molten took dvntge of the rilwys tht hd sprung up cross the country to build two new hotels in Liverpool nd Blckpool. These new hotels proved to be mssive success, s incresing numbers of people begn holidying in costl resorts to escpe the industrilised cities. By 1960, the compny hd set up further 21 hotels round the country, with 18 of these in costl towns including Brighton, Skegness nd Torquy. The compny then decided to expnd to other countries in Europe, gin focusing on the costl regions where tourism ws beginning to grow rpidly. Following perceived sturting of the Europen mrket, the compny expnded its opertions brod, building hotels in Brbdos nd Jmic in the Crribben, Rio de Jneiro nd Slvdor in Brzil, Tunisi, Morocco nd Egypt in fric, nd severl costl cities in ustrli. The compny hs proven trck record of building hotels by the se with excellent use of rchitecture to provide lmost ll rooms with se views nd ensure tht guests hve ll their needs ttended to, in order to gin the mximum plesure from their stys. The compny's prices re mong the highest in the industry for hotel rooms, lthough they sit below the prices of most dedicted resorts, vills nd sps. The compny's most recent project, in Dubi, ws nother four str hotel, pitched to ppel to the upper hlf of the hotel mrket. Prt 1: 1. PEST nlysis Politicl UK hs business friendly environment where the competition mong tourism compnies is encourged in order to sustin competitive dvntge. The compnies therefore recruiter the best employees on the mrket since the competition for good employees is very intense. The HR policies re influenced by with the government pressures to recruit ntionls in comprison to foreigners. However, if foreign employee is hired, the security is provided in return for
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Cloud Computing Models - Research Paper Example As such, my analysis will be based on reading Addressing Export Control in the Age of Cloud Computing and recommending the best path for the company to take. Export Control in the United States plays a critical role in ensuring that the national interests and foreign policy regulations are adhered to. United States places restriction on the export of some software, items and technology. The Departments of Commerce, Defense, Interior, Energy and other US agencies control the flow of software out of United States. Cloud computing is a new and emerging concept. One of the most fascinating aspects of cloud computing is the autonomy it offers. Though it has been with us not for long, it is undisputable it has proven to be a major commercial and SME success catalyst and hopefully will continue for the next decades. Clouds are of particular interest not only with expanding tendency to outsource IT to cut on management overheads and to widen existing limited IT infrastructures, but even more notably, they reduce the entrance barrier for new players to deliver their respective goods and services to a wider market with minimal entry and exit costs and infrastructure. The lack of term or volume commitments, pay as you go pricing model, and unrestricted entry and exit seem to offer a license to behave impulsively. Tempting as it may be to shift deployment to the cloud, IT manager realize that their business depend on thoughtful planning (Lorna Uden, 2012). The key policy questions that the company is likely to face include privacy, jurisdiction, and security. The concept of jurisdiction is applicable where data originates from one location i.e. US and find itself in another location i.e. Europe. Because export control primarily concerns movement of data, then the question of whether the company will satisfy expose control regulations when it adopts the cloud need to be answered (Villasenor, 2011). The products